FALSAFAH PENDIDIKAN KEBANGSAAN

Dalam usaha kita meninjau,  meneliti,  memahami dan menghayati senario pendidikan di negara ini,  rasanya ada baiknya dan amat relevan jika kita lihat apakah FASLSAFAH PENDIDIKAN KEBANGSAAN kita.

Dengan cara ini,  dipercayai kita akan lebih prehatin terhadap perancangan,  pembangunan dan juga masa depan alam pendidikan di negara kita.  Dan seterusnya dapatlah kita ketahui apa yang boleh kita harapkan dalam aspek pendidikan anak-anak kita.

Kepada kita semua,  terutama yang mempunyai anak-anak yang sedang berada di bangku sekolah,  sudah semestinyalah kita ingin tahu hala tuju dan arah mana anak-anak kita akan dibawa.  Kita ingin tahu apakah ilmu pengetahuan yang sedang ditimba mereka hari ini,  selaras dengan keperluan keadaan di masa mendatang.

Apa pun bacalah FALSAFAH PENDIDIKAN KEBANGSAAN yang dipetik dari     “50 Tahun Pembangunan Pendidikan Tinggi di Malaysia (1957-2007) -Penerbit USM, 2007.”

“Pendidikan di Malaysia adalah satu usaha berterusan ke arah memperkembangkan lagi potensi individu secara menyeluruh dan bersepadu untuk mewujudkan insan yang seimbang dan harmonis dari segi intelek, rohani, emosi dan jasmani. Usaha ini adalah bagi melahirkan rakyat Malaysia yang berilmu pengetahuan, berakhlak mulia, bertanggungjawab, berketrampilan dan berkeupayaan mencapai kesejahteraan diri serta memberi sumbangan terhadap keharmonian dan kemakmuran keluarga, masyarakat dan negara.”

Sila klik di sini untuk membaca seluruhnya.

Sumber : 50 Tahun Pembangunan Pendidikan Tinggi di Malaysia (1957-2007) -Penerbit USM, 2007

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COMPLETE AND TOTAL

Someone told me some time ago,      “To prepare for the future,    we have to equip ourselves with complete knowledge.   We can use this knowledge to find solutions to the many problems we will be facing and have to solve  –  be it emotional or physical”.      How very true this statement is.

Of late we have been listening quite a lot about   ‘total education’ .     I believe this is the result of us suddenly realizing that our children should and must be equipped with enough knowledge to prepare them for the future.

Many believe that education   or   the learning process of our children   must be   properly planned and implemented.   It must be complemented with the right perspectives and approach,    if we want to realise our aspiration of ensuring that they will have enough  to help them in their future lives.    Education should never be taken for granted or  ‘politicised’ ,    they added.    It should be looked at professionally.    That is,   if we are really keen to see the success of our future generation.

Many feel that it is not enough for the children just to   ‘bag’   many A’s and B’s  in their examinations,   while they don’t really enjoy learning  and  that they hate the subjects they are confronted with.     They feel that   ‘bagging’   excellent grades does not mean that the children are already educated.     Probably they,   the children,   are being told a thing or two about the reasons whey they have to pass  with   ‘high perfomance’   marks.     Or they do it just to please us,  their parents.    We must look beyond this.    We have to look deeper  into the    ‘pros and cons’   .     In other words,  we have to understand our children.     We have to care for them.    We have to be sensitive to their needs,   their capabilities  and  their capacities in learning.    We have to know their strengths and weaknesses.    We have to get them interested to learn  and   ‘dig’   for knowledge.       Providing them with  good food,    expensive clothing,    plenty of pocket money,   a mobile phone,     may be the right approach to some,    but if we look at it in the long term,    these will destroy their desire to  learn  …..  and of course their future.      A  close friend added,   ‘They shouldn’t be pampered,   and they shouldn’t be forced to learn.     But they must learn.    They have to learn the right way   and  in the right atmosphere’.

I personally believe,    to go for knowledge there are a few criteria and guidelines to follow.     One must have the willingness and eagerness to look for it.    If we  do not have these,   then we will not do it.    There must be a very strong reason for what we want to do.    We must have an objective.

We have to understand that the search for knowledge is important,    as what we experience today is actually the beginning of a bigger task,    because knowledge is dynamic.    It is not static.     It moves and develops  every hour of the day.     Today’s new discovery or theory  will  be obsolete by tomorrow.     Therefore the search goes on and on.

This we have to understand.

The complete and total education  that  we are now discussing,    is the sure way of searching and getting knowledge.   It is the answer  to  our on going effort  to  ensure that the future generation  will  have enough to face the many trials and tribulations   that they may come across.

In this respect,    we have to understand this concept of     ‘total education’  .     We have to know its meaning and what we have to  do to get involved with it.     And most importantly,    our children must be exposed to it.

Logically,    total education would mean that the learning process should be approached totally.    To our children,   each subject  must be looked  at  from all angles.     They have to look at it analytically   and   critically.    They must understand why  they have to learn the subject.    What is its relationship to their daily life?    And how can they make use or apply what they learnt?     In other words,    they have to be introduced to the subject properly  so that they will know it.    Then we will have to make them understand about it.    This will help them like the subject   and   be interested in it.    After that,  they will find more information about it themselves.     I must confess,    I am not an educationist,   nor am I a teacher,    but I feel this is what  we  as  parents  can  and  should do   to help our children understand the meaning of learning,  better.

This brings me to the most important role of us parents,    that is we have to care for our children.    Guide them,   and certainly not to leave everything  to the  teaching community   to handle their learning prosess   and  their future.    After all,   in any given day  they spend more time with us   –   their parents.

THE TEACHER

I was listening to a Friday prayer sermon recently.      The main subject was about teachers  …  the role they play in the development of the country and instilling the spirit of nationalism amongst the population,    their sacrifices –  especially those who are serving in the rural areas  ( the ‘ulus’ ),   their untiring efforts to educate us,   in particular the young ones,  and so on and so forth.    I  saw the smiling  faces among those present  (I believe they belong to the teaching fraternity).    A  lot was said  … lots of praises and roses were presented to the teachers.   And I must say they are proud,  and they should be proud.   After all in this age when criticism is the order of the day,   praises like these are  hard to come by.      At that moment of time,   I felt I should have been a teacher instead of someone travelling around from place to place like a wandering minstrel.

If you look at it,   teaching has a very broad interpretation.    Almost everyone of us is a teacher,  in one way or another.    In the house,  we teach  ….  we teach our children how to behave,   how and what to eat,   how to play,   how to have their bath,   how to make friends,   how to pray,    how to study and many more.    Telling the wife what to prepare for lunch and dinner,   is also a part of teaching.

If we look back into history,   and the time when teaching and learning was first introduced to the human population some 3,000 years BC in Egypt,   what was being done to encourage humans to hunt and plant crops for food,  was also teaching.    So was the time when the elders would tell stories about the lives of their forefathers in bygone years,  is also a form of teaching.    In fact a number of our acts and activities are forms of teaching.   And we learned teaching through our experiences.

But today,   the teaching population is very fortunate and lucky.   There are universities and colleges where teaching is a major stream.    They can do their degrees  –  a bachelors,  a masters or even  a doctorate degree.     Here they learn the history,   concept and principles of teaching,   and of course the responsibilities attached to it.   In other words they are exposed to everything about teaching.    Once they graduate,  they should be a total  and  knowledgeable  teaching person,   and a well prepared one at that,   to start their career.

In the rural areas,    the teacher is some one  who is much needed.     He is some one  respected.    He is there to lead and be a leader.   At times he even performs the act of a counselor.   We can say that he is  ‘a man of all seasons’.   You need him,   he is there.   You need his advice,  he is there  to give it.     He is the perfect person to be called  ‘a teacher’.

Unfortunately,     not all  has the   charisma and   characteristics   mentioned.   When  you  talk  about  the teaching profession   today,     you  are  bound  to  include  the  words  like  ‘commitment‘,   ‘responsibilities‘,  ‘personal activities‘,   ‘business deals‘  or   even   ‘political affiliations‘ .      Or   in   some  extreme   cases   words  like  ‘involvement in fights‘,   ‘being beaten up by students‘,    would surface.    When you  mentioned the word  ‘tuition‘ ,    then you would come across such questions as   ‘How much is he charging for a subject?‘,   or  ‘Is the tuition class after his school session?‘ ,  or  ‘Has he complained about his salary?‘  and like phrases.

Then we begin to think,  what’s wrong with these group of teachers.   Or  what went wrong?   Or,  are they happy with their job?    Or,  are they getting enough from teaching?    Or,  is teaching  their choice career,  or is it  ‘a career or last resort‘.   Yes these are some of the questions cropping up in our minds from time to time,  especially those of us with school going children.

On our part,  what should we do?    I personally believe,   we have to take a very serious look at our own role as parents.   If  the situation persists,   then  the only alternative we can take is to  get more  involved in the education of our own children.   After all they are ours  …  and we shouldn’t be pointing fingers.   Probably time and a forward looking administration will solve these  ‘ailments‘.   We should not look back,  but we have to and must look into the future and start asking questions like,  is our education system today sufficient to meet the needs to prepare our younger generation for the future,   and how about total education  ….  or are we prepared to do a complete overhaul of our teaching methodologies and philosophies.

I leave you at this point to take a deep breath,   and start thinking …. thinking about the future of our children … their hopes and aspiration to be at par with their peers in the global scene.

(Artikel ini telah dipaparkan dalam tahun 2009 dalam satu dari blog terawal kami  –  LOOKING AROUND) 

Halaman PEMBANGUNAN INSAN

Banyak telah diperkatakan mengenai topik PEMBANGUNAN INSAN atau PEMBANGUNAN MODAL INSAN.   Tetapi hingga kini ramai antara kita yang masih samar-samar dan belum dapat menghayati selengkapnya  konsep sebenar di sebalik topik ini.

Halaman Pembangunan Insan ini akan memaparkan pandangan dan pendapat dari pada para ilmuwan dan pakar dalam subjek ini.

Apapun pembangunan insan boleh dianggap sebagai pengukur kejayaan sesebuah negara dan bangsa itu.

Ikutilah pandangan-pandangan ini melalui halaman  PEMBANGUNAN INSAN di dalam.