Mengenai ‘pendidikan menyeluruh’

Dipaparkan di sini beberapa pandangan mengenai ‘pendidikan menyeluruh’ yang dikemukakan oleh para ahli pendidikan.

Negara perlu institusi pendidikan menyeluruh – Tuanku Faizuddin

KUALA LUMPUR 15 April – Negara memerlukan institusi pendidikan yang mampu membina generasi berpengetahuan menyeluruh.

Raja Muda Perlis, Tuanku Syed Faizuddin Putra Jamalullail bertitah, usaha itu hanya dapat dicapai menerusi pendidikan daripada seawal usia kanak-kanak dan berterusan sehingga ke peringkat pengajian tinggi.

Hal ini titah baginda, berdasarkan pendapat bahawa pendidikan awal dan prasekolah memainkan peranan penting dalam pembentukan sahsiah serta peribadi kanak-kanak.

“Ini boleh dilaksanakan menerusi pendekatan mengikut keperluan semasa dengan mendedahkan pelajar dan tenaga pengajar untuk menerapkan penggunaan kaedah yang kreatif dan inovatif.

“Pada masa sama, penyatuan pelbagai latarbelakang masyarakat tidak mengira bangsa dan agama menjadi suatu komuniti harmoni dan pembangunan sukatan pelajaran yang memenuhi piawaian antarabangsa haruslah diimplementasikan,” titah baginda.    Klik di sini untuk berita lengkap di UTUSAN ONLINE

Transformasi pendidikan perlu menyeluruh  

Oleh Ruhaiza Rusmin

GELOMBANG pendidikan yang dulunya berskala kecil, kini semakin berubah hingga menjadikannya pelaburan lumayan kepada industri dan institusi yang berani menyahut cabaran.

Dengan pelbagai transformasi global, pendidikan menjadi agenda baru kepada masyarakat dunia untuk mengangkat martabat kehidupan ke landasan penyebaran ilmu baru dan perkongsian maklumat terkini juga menyamaratakan taraf mutu pendidikan agar setara institusi lebih terkemuka.

Meskipun perubahan itu dicerminkan sebagai usaha proaktif dan positif, ada pula memberi reaksi kontra dengan tanggapan institusi hanya melakukannya akibat terpengaruh dengan budaya ikutan serta tidak mahu dianggap ketinggalan.

Institusi berkenaan dituduh sanggup memperjudikan nasib semata-mata ingin memahat nama di peringkat antarabangsa sedangkan tiada kemampuan melaksanakannya.

Itukah budaya yang sedang membelenggu institusi pendidikan dunia hari ini?

Rektor Universiti Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia, Profesor Dr Herry Suhardiyanto berkata, transformasi pendidikan perlu dinilai secara menyeluruh bagi menjadikannya kompetitif untuk memenuhi kehendak serta keperluan globalisasi.

Menurutnya, perubahan itu tidak boleh dilakukan secara terburu-buru atau hanya ikutan kerana membabitkan kapasiti keseluruhan institusi untuk diberi penilaian oleh masyarakat.

“Transformasi bermaksud sesebuah institusi itu bersedia melaksanakan perubahan lebih besar dan melakukan anjakan paradigma dalam semua segi. Dengan kata lain, bersedia melonjakkan kemampuan dan bersaing dengan institusi lain.

Klik di sini untuk artikel lengkap di portal rasmi UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA

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MENIMBA ILMU DAN MEMPRAKTIKKANNYA

Banyak telah diperkatakan,  terutama di kalangan anggota generasi tua,  bahawa oleh kerana terlalu banyak universiti diwujudkan di negara hari ini,  mutu atau kualiti graduan yang dihasilkan terjejas dan sudah agak merosot iaitu jika dibandingkan dengan keadaan semasa negara hanya mempunyai beberapa buah universiti sahaja.   Di era 50an hingga 70an dahulu,  para lepasan universiti sudah boleh melaksanakan tugas sebaik sahaja menerima ‘scroll’  yang diidamkan,  sudah boleh menerima tugas-tugas dan tanggungjawab dan sudah boleh membuat keputusan.  Ketika itu para graduan tidak perlu mengikuti latihan atau penyesuaian untuk menjalankan tugas yang diamanahkan kepada mereka … walau di desa sekali pun.

Masih tersemat di dalam ingatan generasi tua,  yang pernah mengikuti pengajian tinggi di menara gading,  bahawa suasana pembelajaran pun agak berbeza.  Pensyarah memberi syarahan,  para pelajar mengikuti dengan penuh tekun.  Tidak terdapat perhatian mereka tertarik oleh perkara-perkara seperti telefon bimbit  (ketika itu telefon bimbit belum wujud),  atau berborak di dalam bilik kuliah,  atau tertidur semasa mengikuti syarahan atau tutorial.  Pendek kata,  perhatian para pelajar tertumpu sepenuhnya kepada apa yang disampaikan oleh pensyarah.  Selesai sessi syarahan ini,  maka berkejaranlah mereka menuju keperpustakaan … untuk mendapatkan buku-buku rujukan yang dikenalpasti oleh pensyarah tadi.

Balik sahaja ke bilik tempat tinggal (hostel),  mereka tidak membuang masa … terus membuat catitan nota dari syarahan yang telah diikuti.  Begitulah seterusnya.

Walaupun demikian,  setelah penat memeras otak,  mereka menyertai juga aktiviti-aktiviti riadah.  Terdapat keseimbangan dalam kehidupan mereka di kampus.  Pendampingan mereka dengan masyarakat sekeliling tidak pula diabaikan,  walaupun kebanyakan aktiviti kemasyarakatan adalah hasil daya usaha mereka sendiri.

Keadaan ini mungkin disebabkan bahawa perjalanan ke menara gading ketika itu tidaklah semudahnya.  Hanya yang terbaik sahaja mendapat tempat.  Hanya mereka yang sanggup bekerja kuat mendapat ganjaran yang dimatlamatkan.

Hari ini,  keadaan dan suasana seperti ini kurang didapati.  Daya saing dan semangat juang di dalam usaha menimba ilmu,  dalam ertikata sebenarnya, kurang menyerlah.

Rasanya,  ada baiknya jika para pelajar IPTA/IPTS hari ini dijemput untuk meneliti keadaan dan suasana pengajian di universiti di masa lampau.  Lihatlah bagaimana tekunnya masyarakat pelajar ketika itu menjalani pengajian mereka.  Lihatlah semangat juang dan daya saing mereka.  Lihatlah bagaimana mereka menjalani tugas yang telah diamanahkan kepada mereka terutama oleh anggota keluarga  dan masyarakat sekeliling mereka.

Matlamat mereka sama seperti matlamat tiap pelajar hari ini,  iaitu untuk pulang dengan membawa ijazah yang diimpikan.  Tetapi,  selain dari itu dari awal lagi mereka telah mula berfikir peranan mereka kepada masyarakat,  bangsa dan negara,  yang sangat memerlukan kebijaksanaan mereka.  Kerana ilmu yang ditimba haruslah dipraktikkan sebaiknya demi membawa kesejahteraan dan kebahgiaan kepada umum.

A story retold …

I remember the day I first attended school.   The school was not a big one.  Not like the modern and state-of-the-art buildings that you have today.  But to those staying in the surrounding areas,  it is called and known as a school.  A place where the village kids went to sharpen their skills and knowledge and to blend additional know-hows into their still fresh memory banks.  The school was located at the perimeter of a small rural town.

I remember,  though it is more than 70 years ago,  that the ‘academic’  structure is a wooden building with rooms just enough to accommodate  5 class rooms,  and a teachers’ corner.  The interior of the building is very airy and bright.  There are windows everywhere and there are no partitions in between the class rooms.  In other words,  even at that time the building designers then had put into practice ‘the open office concept’.

The school building was located by the side of the road … just a few yards to the roadside.  There was no danger of children being involved in car accidents,  as vehicles such as cars and motor cycles are hard to come by then.  In front of the school building was a large area .. the assembly ground and next to it was some sort of a playing field.  And behind the school building was an area where the teachers’ quarters were built.

Now,  my first day at school … I was very excited.  There were about a dozen kids like me.  All, with the exception of me and a couple other kids,  were  holding tightly to their fathers’ or  mothers’ hands.  Most of them looked worried.  Some would be hiding behind their parents.  As for me,  I was very relaxed and happy.  I have been waiting impatiently for this day  to come.

It was the beginning of the Japanese occupation of our country.  I could see trucks upon trucks carrying troops  –  Japanese troops –  passing by our school.  I personally did not pay much attention to the sounds  the convoy created.  My attention was more on the happenings at school.  I wanted to know then who would be my class mates,  and who would be my class teacher.  I wanted to know too how many books would I get to bring home.  And what about the ‘papan batu’ or slates.  Those days,  the slates took the place of the exercise books of today.

All in all,  it was an exciting occasion to a certain degree. Now let’s see what happened on the first day … that is after the student registration and distribution of books.

We were divided into groups and taken ot our respective class rooms.  We were then shown to our tables.  Just imagine me having a table of my own.  It was indeed a great day.  We were asked to sit down … and sit down quietly we did.  Our class teacher was an elderly man … I believe he was around 40 years of age.  He was very pleasant looking and always smiling.  He introduced himself to us.  And he called us by our names from the name list he was holding.  I believe this was how he would know us.  Much later he began giving instructions to us and explaining the things we would be learning.

It was a day full of excitement.  We were excited and at the same time began to make friends.  We began to talk,  first to the kid next, and it went on until we know everyone in the  class. The atmosphere was noisy,  but it was in a controlled way.

Day one ended without any untoward incident.  To my surprise,  no one cried,  not even when the parents left them at school in the morning.  The bell rang for the end of school for the day.  There was a loud commotion when everyone began running for the exit.  After that,  it was all quiet and peaceful.

In my next post,  I would be relating my experience … my learning experience in the good old days.

I started school at the beginning of the Japanese occupation,   through the 14 days the country was run by the communists,  then when the British Military Administration took over from the surrendering Japanese authority.

I am proud to say that I went through three eras of education in our country.  I left school in 1951 after completing my primary and secondary education.

My coming posts will tell of my experiences.  I will try to give some sort of comparison to what we have today … in terms of education, that is.

Education … the basics

The hot topic today is education.  It is a subject close to everyone’s heart … especially to those with school going children.  Everyone is talking about it … the fisher folks along the beaches,  the paddy planters,  the vegetable farmers,  the cattle breeders,  the teachers,  the clerks and of course the political persons.

A lot of questions are asked around this topic because there are so many unanswered.

While  going through some materials received from visitors to my blogs/websites,  I came across a few  on the subject of education.   Some of these have been published in my earlier blogs a few years back,  but I feel the contents are still relevant.

Here’s one sent to me around 2009.

“CHOOSING A SCHOOL

remember the time when,  for the first time,   I had to send my  child to school.    I was faced with a very difficult decision.    I had to choose a good school  for him.    I must find  a school with the best performance in terms of academic achievements.    I must find a school where the environment was the most suitable for a growing  child.     I must find a school where the security of my child is guaranteed,   because  I didn’t want to feel worried every time he was in school.     And then I have to find a school not too far from the house where we were staying.   It was a  tough job.

I remember,    my husband and I would spend sleepless nights thinking about this.    We would make a checklist.   We would make a list of the possible schools of our choice.   We would make an in-depth study of each school.   We would look at the teaching community,   the student population  and  of course the management of the school itself.   We would discuss at length  the pros and cons.   We would look at things from all angles.    We have  to be very careful about the choice,    because once we make our decision we must stick by it.    Changing school half way will be bad for the child.

Then on the day we registered the child,    we  kept our fingers crossed.    We were  hoping we would be given the school of our choice.

Of  course,   the authorities normally would suggest the school nearest to our residence.    Yes,  that is nice.    But not every school nearest to the house would fit the criteria of a good and safe school.    But at least my child would get a school and when the new session started ,   he would be going to start his new life of searching for knowledge in school  ….  and he would me making friends.

Nowadays with so many schools around,    it is quite difficult  for us to make our choice.     And with the addition of private schools,   the task is made even more difficult.    Some of these private schools are good or even better than some of the government schools.    But the only thing that makes us parents  stay away from private schools is the exorbitant  sum of money they charge for each child.     In  some cases,  this is quite justified especially  when looking at the performance of the school and the examination results each year.    These schools are equipped with the most modern teaching  paraphernalia,    a  good set of qualified teachers  and with a good library.     But there are some private schools,    which  frankly do not reach the standards required or promised.      These are the schools,  I would suggest we stay away from.     These schools are more interested in making money,   rather than giving education to our children  …. making education more of a commercial venture.

This is where  as parents we should know our roles  and responsibilities in the education of our children.    If we want to take the easy way out,    of course we would not bother very much about all these,   especially when we have the money to throw around.

This brings me to a remark made by an elderly gentleman,   who has retired from the teaching profession.   He was with it for more than 30 years.     He said that the school or the type of school is not that important.    What is important is the child.   If he goes to school to learn  to  be a useful citizen in later life,  than in whatever school we put him in,  he would do just that,  and he would excel.    It is not really necessary that the best school would produce the best students.    And we as parents have a very big role to play.

The writer would like to remain anonymous.